and the large expansion ratio gives a strong grip even in enlarged holes common when powerful drilling machines are used in softer bricks The high expansion ratio can crack the bricks in larger diameters so M12 bolt diameter requiring a 20mm diameter hole is usually the limit The variety of configurations from hex bolt and bolt projecting Linear temperature expansion coefficients for common materials like aluminum copper glass iron and many more When an object is heated or cooled its length change by an amount proportional to the original length and the change in temperature Thermal expansion coefficients for some common materials Most values for temperature 25 oC 77 oF 2020 05 10 nbsp 0183 32 Expansion Bolt This type of bolt is used in attaching parts to stone or concrete walls and floors hee bolt has an internally threaded split sleeve which is slipped into a hole made in the wall and then expanded by running in the screw This is shown in Fig Foundation or Rag Bolt The rag bolt shown in Fig is used for fixing into the stone concrete material as the bolt is tightened The expansion of the sleeve along the length of the anchor provides a larger bearing surface than the wedge anchor and is less affect ed by irregularities and voids in the base material than is the wedge anchor For this reason sleeve anchors areThe expansion of clay minerals is constrained by three forces surface hydration force osmotic hydration force and capillary action force Surface hydration is caused by the clay crystal surface expansive clay surfaces including outer surface and inner surface adsorbing water molecules and hydration of exchangeable cations In case of osmotic hydration the

2016 08 27 nbsp 0183 32 Spalling of concrete slab on grade due to expansion 1 00 Flexural cracks on pavement slab due to lack of reinforcement or expansion of subgrage 1 00 Cracking of boundary walls due to soil settlement or foundation on expansive clay 1 00 Column Capital for Waffle Concrete Slab in Dandenong Plaza Melbourne 1 00Metal frame anchor HT Cavity anchor HHD S hex head bolt HHD S Setting tool HHD Page 302 303 Wedge anchor DBZ Aerated concrete anchor HPD Page 304 Sleeve anchor with screw and washer HAM with bolt Page 304 Hard sleeve anchor HAM without bolt Hook and ring anchors HA 8 Page 305 Plastic Anchors Frame anchors HRD C HRD CR HRD CR2 HRD Design of post installed anchor bolt systems in Hong Kong Dr S S H Cho and Ir Prof SL Chan Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering The Hong Kong Polytechnic University published by The Hong Kong Institute of Steel Construction www hkisc org Page 2 of 87 Contents 1 Introduction 6 1 1 Scope of this book 6 1 2 Aim of anchor bolt design 7 2010 03 31 nbsp 0183 32 The double expansion anchor should be used in applications with questionable base material quality Both the single and double expansion anchors come in a variety of diameters to allow for usage in many different applications The 1 4 quot and 5 16 quot should be used for light duty type loads the 3 8 quot and 1 2 quot for medium loads and the 5 8 quot and 3 4 quot for heavier Torque controlled expansion Anchorage can be designed in Expandet Calculation Software The installation i finished Note Only use M6 and M8 bolts in solid Technical Sheet No 313 Approvals Expansion Bolt M6 M12 with bolt in 8 8 steel are CE marked and have Euro pean Technical Approval ETA in option 8 ETA 01 0012 European Technical

Expansion anchors in carbon steel and stainless steel approved for cracked concrete non cracked concrete and seismic – including stud anchors and sleeved anchors Screw Anchors Concrete screw anchors for permanent and temporary applications – including screw anchors which can be used in solid and hollow core slabs Undercut Anchors Undercut anchors Several types of bolts and screws are available for use in both solid and hollow masonry These fasteners are generally used to attach medium to heavy weight fixtures Toggle bolts made of steel or plastic hollow wall screws small diameter sleeve anchors and screws are used to attach fixtures to walls constructed of hollow units see Fig 4 These fasteners may be placed in 2019 05 02 nbsp 0183 32 Most anchors are made for concrete but what about Unlike concrete runs the risk of cracking from a bottom only expansion that is the method of Wedge Bolt is the Powers proprietary model name of the bolt on the left in Figure 2 It can be confusing since wedge bolt is the generate name used for threaded bolts with an expansion cone at the end All of the bolts tested were 3 8 inch nominal diameter 2022 02 02 nbsp 0183 32 The folding buttstock is fully adjustable and locks the bolt in place While the show model was finished in nickel with wood accents production models can be finished in a variety of materials The handguard has M Lok and the forend has an ARCA rail The folding buttstock is fully customizable